Tag Archive | chronic pain

Kinesiophobia – The hidden reason why the back pain becomes chronic

Kinesiophobia – The hidden reason why the back pain becomes chronic

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Kinesiophobia is a disorder where a person believes that movement can cause more injury and pain. A constant cycle of pain, fear, disuse and depression can be a result of kinesiophobia and it definitely slows down a normal recovering process from injury. This can also lead to a long-term problems and chronic pain.

Persons with kinesiophobia tend to believe that the pain what they are experiencing may worsen if they do exercises and certain movements. They start to decrease their physical activity which unfortunately causes even more problems like joint stiffness, unnecessary muscle tension, supporting muscles weakness, etc. People with kinesiophobia are in a pain cycle (picture below), and getting out of this circle is very hard to do on their own.

pain cycle

As a Physiotherapist and Pilates Instructor I have treated many chronic back pain clients who are terrified exercising but want to get better. Some of them have already had bad experiences on Physical Therapy and doctors care. Painkillers do definitely not help if the source of pain mostly comes from patient’s fear, compensations and guarding. In Physical Therapy the trend is to work on many clients at same time, so they probably don’t have any extra time to concentrate or realize your fear and compensations. It is not either a good idea to give home exercises to people who has a kinesiophopia because they find it hard to do them correctly. Fear of pain also effects negatively to neuro-muscle connection and muscle recruitment, so exercises may do more harm than good. However, the truth is that movement heals and it has a crucial role of chronic back pain treatment, but it really does matter what kind of exercises and instruction you get to actually help you.

exercise-therapyOne-on-one Pilates with skilled Physical Therapist or very experienced Pilates instructor can help those who have kinesiophobia and chronic back pain. Well designed, slow, graded and progressive Pilates program which aims on practicing control of movement, breathing and proper muscle work will definitely help reduce fear of movement and also gradually overcome kinesiophobia. In Pilates every movement has to be PAIN FREE! Pilates with a good teacher helps you get your confidence in your ability to move. Returning to normal movement is an important step in breaking the kinesiophobia pain cycle. Pilates exercises help you rebuild normal movement and function which in turn relieve pain and improve your overall quality of life. Staying active is a critical component of chronic pain and back pain treatment. Don’t let your fear ruin your full potential recovery and stop you to do the activities that you love.

For more about PhysioWise program in Carlsbad California, please visit our website www.physio-wise.com

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Muscle Imbalances Cause Injury and Chronic Pain ( Encinitas, Carlsbad, Oceanside )

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Did you know that one reason for your ongoing pain might be caused by muscle imbalances? Did you know that having a muscle imbalance might be even the root of injury and chronic muscle and joint pain? Muscle imbalances affect the alignment of musculoskeletal system causing poor alignment. Poor alignment put a lot of pressure on your body’s tendons and ligaments leading to impingements and inefficient biomechanics. The muscle imbalance can be the cause of any muscle, fascia, metabolic or mechanical postural dysfunction and syndromes.

Some injuries cause muscle imbalance, while others may result from a muscle imbalance. Studies show that many common pain and injuries are caused by muscle imbalances on surrounding muscles:

  • Shoulder impingement and shoulder instability – muscle imbalances of the rotator cuff and scapular stabilizers
  • Knee IT-band syndrome – the weakness of hip abductors and tightness of IT-band
  • Anterior Knee pain – poor hip strength (extension, abduction, external rotation)
  • Knee Patello-femoral pain syndrome – hip abductor weakness, soleus (calf) tightness
  • SI-Joint dysfunction – hamstring and gluteal weakness and spinal stabilizer weakness
  • Lower back pain – decreased range of motion in hip extension and internal rotation, hip extensor weakness for female, weak deep back & abdominal stabilizer muscles, hamstring & hip flexors tightness.

Injury and pain also causes problems for your neurological connection between brain and muscles, and body start to compensate. Faulty & habitual compensation patterns leads to even more pain and risk of re-injury by creating more altered alignment in the joint, tendons, ligaments and muscles. Over compensation and muscle imbalance do not show on the X-ray or MRI but they might still be the real root reason of your pain and re-injury.

Do not overlook your muscle balance, it is a vital component to injury prevention and rehabilitation from injury. It is very true that by restoring your muscle balance you can tremendously decrease your pain and risk of re-injury!

We identify and treat muscle imbalances, rehabilitate chronic pain, chronic disease and orthopedic injury. Our program is perfect fit after Physical therapy and it’s available at Oceanside and Encinitas Pilates studios. For more information, please visit our website and click HERE

Pilates for Rehabilitation- Does It Work?

Today the Pilates method is widely practiced for both rehabilitation and fitness. Physical Therapists are recognizing Pilates as one of the most successful methods to treat many injuries, spinal disorders and joint diseases. However, Pilates rehabilitation is not only limited to just orthopedics and spine health but it also benefits individuals with neurological problems (MS), chronic pain (fibromyalgia), women’s health needs (menopause, osteoporosis, pre/post natal), performance enhancement needs (athletes), arthritic impairments (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis) and other movement dysfunctions.

How does Pilates method work? Pilates therapeutic exercises focus on individual asymmetries in flexibility, strength and muscle recruitment patterns. Pilates trains several muscle groups at once through smooth, continuous movements. By developing a proper technique, clients can actually re-train their body to move in safer, more efficient patterns of motion. No other exercise form is so gentle to the body while giving it a challenging workout!

Professional Pilates instructors give great attention and facilitation to you to gain strength, coordination, control and function in your weaker or injured muscles and joints. Pilates exercise not only leads to improvement at the injury site, but also improves your overall strength and function.

However, it is important to note that most Pilates instructors are not trained to work with rehabilitation. Always ask your instructors’ qualifications and beware of those Pilates instructors who don’t have real clinical knowledge and skills about your injuries or diseases. Done improperly, some of the Pilates exercises can slow down the healing process or even be contraindicated.

A good Pilates instructor with rehab background can help you to balance your body both physically and mentally and successfully support your healing process. Pilates is a mind and body method and a great natural alternative treatment or those who are looking for a different rehabilitation way. And the best thing is – it’s works too!

For more about Pilateswise rehabilitation program, please visit our website and click HERE.